Indonesia Promises Neighbors a Haze-Free Year

Indonesia Promises Neighbors a Haze-Free Year


Kuala Lumpur — Indonesia on Thursday (18/05) promised its neighbors a haze-free year, saying new measures to combat forest fires should stop the polluting smoke wafting throughout Southeast Asia. From June until October, Indonesia is often shrouded in a haze caused by smoldering fires, many set deliberately to clear land for pulp and paper and palm oil plantations on Sumatra and Borneo islands. Most of the fires burn on highly flammable peat land so spread beyond their intended target, sending smoke billowing over nearby Singapore and Malaysia. But Nazir Foead, head of the Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) – set up last year to firefight – was optimistic there would be no repeat of 2015, which saw one of the worst outbreaks in years. “With the preparation the government is making, the re-wetting activities, I would say there would be no more haze going to the neighbors,” Foead said. “Fire will still happen, smoke will come out, but it can be put out immediately, so it shouldn’t create the trans-boundary haze,” he told reporters at a conference in Jakarta. Foead said his agency had worked with farmers on ways to avoid the slash-and-burn technique that is widely used to clear land quickly and cheaply. In March, the agency also struck a deal with the country’s largest indigenous group, hoping to tap into their traditional ways of managing land and fires. The agency aims to restore about two million hectares of drained and damaged peatland by 2020 by “re-wetting” them to prevent fires. The process involves raising water levels using dams and irrigation channels. So far it has only restored 200,000 hectares. Indonesia has been regularly criticized by neighbors and environmental groups for failing to end the annual fires, which cost the country US$16 billion in 2015 and hit more than 500,000 Indonesians with respiratory ailments. The dry weather caused by the El Nino phenomenon in 2015 saw one of the worst outbreaks of haze in years, with smoke blanketing Singapore and Malaysia for weeks and drifting as far north as to the Thai capital, Bangkok. Scientist Harry Purnomo has worked with local communities to prevent peatland draining and believes authorities are better prepared this year to fight any forest fires. The weather is expected to be drier this year.

Sources: thejakartaglobe/Reuters